the port Forwarding on the router TP-Link and Asus in the examples
From time to time website visitors interested in issues of port forwarding on the router. In this post, I will try to answer frequently asked questions and show you how to do port forwarding on the router TP-Link and Asus. If you understand the principle, you will be able by analogy to open this port on the network device from another manufacturer. Why the need for port forwarding? The fact that the router has a built-in firewall that protects against unauthorized access to your computer. Some programs, such as clients to P2P networks uTorrent and DC++ share information (distribution/downloading of the files) through the specified port on the settings menu.
To the P2P client could work seamlessly with both inbound and outbound traffic in the router you need to open the specified in the program port. Thus, you tell the firewall that the port can pass or receive data packets. If this is not done, then when the program to the Internet, the firewall will accept the connection as potentially dangerous and block the connection.
You may also need to do port forwarding in that case, if you for example, will configure a video surveillance system through Internet to access the image from IP camera or create on the computer the game server and want to play with friends online. This way you will be able to open a port for your computer and Your pals to connect to your server. In General, the reasons for which you may need to do port forwarding on your router, can be very different.
To configure port forwarding, you can automatically or specify them manually. In the first case, You only have the interface of the router to enable the UPnP function, and the second — will need to assign the digital device a static IP address and only after that, you can do port forwarding. A few words about the first and second method.
Automatic switching. Is usually a function of UPnP on the router enabled by default and is suitable for P2P clients, televisions, computers, gaming consoles because they can work on this technology. This method is suitable for the above P2P clients, but may not work with some apps, servers… UPnP opens ports for running applications installed on the computer and closes it after turning off the program.
Since UPnP does automatic port forwarding, it is quite possible that this function can access not recommended access port, for security reasons. However, this assumption should not concern you, but if you want to keep everything under control, then [urlspan]perform a test on a specialized service[/urlspan] or manually adjust.
Manual forwarding. For the uninformed user, this method may seem very complicated, but it controlled more correct. However, some changes in the settings of your home network, you'll have to reconfigure it is a little not comfortable.
I will show both methods setting and which one is closer to you, decide for yourself.
Auto-switching ports on the router TP-Link and Asus.
I already told you that the default UPnP on the router is typically enabled and P2P clients are nice to work with her. But if you still are having problems at work, will not be superfluous to verify this. The first thing you need enter interface router and go to the tab responsible for the activation. Every model, this way is different.
TP-Link. «Forwarding» (Forwarding) — «UPnP». The status should be «On» (Enabled).
If this function is not active, then click «Enable».
Asus. «Internet» — «Connection» — «Enable UPnP».
After this function is activated in the router, you need to check whether the UPnP function in the P2P client (uTorrent and DC++). Here, too, each program had its way.
uTorrent. «Configuration» — «the settings of the program» tab and «Connections». The checkbox «Forwarding UPnP» has to be checked (usually active by default).
DC++. Go to settings and find the tab «program Settings». There should be a marked point «Firewall with UPnP».
With each new version of the program, the interface may be slightly different, but the principle I think is clear. Thus activating the UPnP function of the program will themselves to open and close ports. Usually uTorrent with UPnP works without problems, can not be said about DC++.
Manual port forwarding the TP-Link and Asus.
First you need to determine the port number that we want to open. For example, we want to do port forwarding for torrent. Go to settings on the familiar path and look at the line «the Port for incoming connections». Note the number of Windows to generate and uncheck all boxes except for paragraph «firewall exception». Do not forget to apply the changes.
You now need to know the MAC address of your device. In this case the computer and its physical address we will need later. Click «start» — «control Panel» — «control Center network and sharing» — «Connection on a local network», and click «Details…». In the field «Physical address» you will see the MAC address of your computer.
Now go into the router interface. Here the first thing we need for your computer set a static IP address. Next, the path for each network device its.
TP-Link. In the right menu find «Binding IP and MAC address» click «table ARP». Here shows all the devices connected to our network and in the column «the State» shows the status of bindings (unbound). Since we already know the MAC address of the computer, in line with the physical address see the IP assigned by the DHCP server. We inscribe on the next tab.
Climb on the tab above called «binding Settings» and activate the «Binding ARP», and press «Save». Then click «Add new…», and to set the necessary settings. In the new window you need to register the physical address of computer (MAC), assigned IP and click «Save».
Now the MAC and IP addresses connected to a personal computer. It is also evident from tab «table ARP». If You have a lot of devices on your network and you want them all to set a static IP, it is possible to «ARP Table» click «Link all» pre-activated «Binding ARP».
It remains to specify the settings for port forwarding. Go to «Forwarding» (Forwarding) tab «Virtual servers» (Virtual Servers) and click «Add new» (Add New…). Now write the known parameters. In the field «service Port» (Service Port) and «Inland port» (Internal Port) specify the port of the torrent client, and «IP address» IP rated computer. In the drop-down list «Protocol» (Protocol) select «All» (All) in the field «the State» (Status) set «On», and press «Save».
After that computer will be reserved prescribed us port and the P2P client will be able to exchange incoming and outgoing packets.
The principle on which works the router can click here.
Asus. Click in the sidebar «Local area network» click «DHCP server». In the bottom of the page activate the item «Enable manual assignment». Below is the field «List of manually assigned IP address to bypass DHCP». He's the one we need. In the drop-down field list «MAC address» you need to select the physical address of the computer that we learned in advance. Since I have DHCP enabled, the «IP address» automatically substituting the current IP of the computer.
Is left click on a mug «Add/Remove», and click «Apply». The router will reboot and after each network connection, the computer will have the same IP address.
Is now in the administrative panel in the side menu, click on «Internet» click «port Forwarding». In the line «Enable port forwarding» move to the point in the «Yes». Next, you need to go down the block «List of forwarded ports» in the field «service Name» specify uTorrent, as we open the port for this program. In the line «port Range» specify the port number of the P2P client, which we knew in advance.
In the «Local IP address» select a static IP address of the computer that we just tied in the line «Local port» again specify the port of the Torrent client. In the drop-down list «Protocol» select BOTH (both protocols). Left click on a mug «Add» and click «Apply». After pressegrosso port will be open for distribution and downloading files from the Internet from the program uTorrent.
Now you have an idea on how to configure port forwarding on the router TP-Link and Asus. Of course the automatic way is much easier than the manual and many people use UPnP, but better to specify all the settings manually. However, it is everyone's business and you are free to choose the method that is closest to you.
If there are any problems, you can always reset the router to its factory defaults and configure it again. If You have a desire to Supplement the article, then you are welcome in the comments. While!