the Assignment of keys on the keyboard on the main gruppem
In this publication we will focus on how to use the keys on the keyboard and how they are divided into groups, in which they gathered in the main features. With learning keys, in my opinion, you need to take the first steps in mastering the keyboard, because using combinations on the keyboard in the information input device can significantly save time and sometimes even money. The symbol keys on the keyboard are divided into several major groups, what makes the study of tool management computer and a comfortable job for her.
To all the above, it should be added that the knowledge and skills to operate the keyboard greatly simplify the implementation of the tasks of writing articles for blog, report writing, writing a paper or course work… and save Your precious time. Better to learn one time to operate the keyboard efficiently, and then you can use this my whole life.
Computer keyboard, and the mouse is the primary input device information and the standard option has 101 or 102 keys. English keyboard is called keyboard, which translates as «button Board».
By the way, except the destination, and division keys by key groups, is very useful to know and be able to work with combinations of keys on the keyboard. And that process of learning was easy and comfortable — I recommend to download the Handbook combination of keys on the keyboard for your version of the operating systems Windows XP/7/8.
Advise you of to learn fast typing on the keyboard as a blind set. Mastering the blind set method in conjunction with the shortcut keys will give you fast and productive results. Here is a list that divides the keyboard keys into groups:
- Service keys
- Service edit keys
- Special (service)
- Arrow keys
- the numeric keypad
Parsing a group of keys on the keyboard.
alphanumeric keys. Function keys on the keyboard are divided into several groups. The main part of the input device information is a group of alphanumeric and symbolic keys. In this group on the keys letters and numbers or some kind of sign.
Group is used to enter letters, numbers, punctuation, and special characters. By default, the information input device prints small (lowercase) letters. If You need to enter a capital letter — you need to press Shift and at the same time (without releasing) with her desired key. In the end, you will get a large letter. This shifting of the letters from uppercase to lowercase and Vice versa is called change case. The upper register gives us the upper case letter and lower-lowercase.
If You need to write only uppercase letters, then press Caps Lock. While in the upper right corner you see the light (indicator) and as a result will gain only capital letters, until you press Caps Lock. But when you get a key Caps Lock press Shift, we get the opposite result and will be printed in lowercase letters.
to switch the keyboard layout, use the keyboard utility keys Alt+Shift. To switch the keyboard layout from English to Russian and Vice versa — these keys you have to press and release simultaneously.
to enter the character with the digital-to-symbolic keys to hold down Shift and dial the desired spec. the symbols in the digital part of the group. I should add that the number keys on the inclusion of a Caps Lock is not valid, because there is no uppercase and lowercase numbers.
the Service key on the keyboard. Then offer to meet and review a brief description of keyboard keys that belong to the service group. This group includes key «Shift», «Ctrl», «Caps Lock» and «Num Lock».
They are called modifier keys because they modify the action of other keys. For the ease of use they are duplicated on both sides of the alphanumeric keys and have a slightly different, expanded view.
Caps Lock (capitals lock) — key «button daughter», which is designed for automatic (continuous) change case of the letters from lowercase to uppercase. Literally translated as the lock button caps.
Shift — modifier key on a computer keyboard, which was originally intended to enter capital letters. If you simultaneously press the Shift key and type the letter that is uppercase (capital) letter. And if you simultaneously press the Shift key and dial the number with arrow on additional (digital) part of the keyboard, that key will work as cursor control.
Ctrl (Control) is a system button that is used as a key modifier on the keyboard.
Alt (alternate) — the primary purpose keys to change the value of other keys. The Alt key also applies to modifiers. As a rule, it helps to expand the number of events on which users have reported with the combination of keys in any program. Verbatim Alt (alternate) means to change, to alternate.
Num Lock — designed to shift and num lock and located in the upper left corner to digital keypad. Button has its own indicator and in the on state transfers optional digital unit in the number mode, and when in the off state the unit is in mode cursor. Verbatim «Num Lock» translated as fixation numbers.
Service edit keys. Space (space) — this is the long key located at the bottom of the keyboard. The key name speaks for itself, it inserts spaces between characters, words and sentences;
Backspace — key delete the character left of the cursor. Outside the field of typing can be used to return to the previous screen in the program or the page in the browser.
Delete — deletes the character right of the cursor. Outside the scope of a set of text deletes the object (files, pictures…);
Insert — enables replacement. Designed to work in insert mode (typing text in the editor starting from the insertion point) and replacement (input text from the keyboard will be replaced by the already printed);
Special keyboard keys. Esc — button helps to cancel the last action. Sometimes undo the last action is not possible and in such cases, the key does not work. The main purpose to return to the previous menu screen or exit the running application if available in the program. Literally translated as to run, to escape;
Enter (enter) — press the button for input confirmation command, any action or newline;
Tab (tab) — usually used to switch between tasks or create a horizontal indentation in some text editors;
the function keys on the keyboard. Function keys — this group includes the keys from the top row of the keypad Board — from F1 to F12. Each key is programmed to perform a specific task. Depending on what program or game you are currently running task may change. Usually the F1 key is not cheating and in most cases starts with background information.
cursor Keys. All these keys on the keyboard eight. This group includes the hands as well as the keys:
Home — moves the cursor to beginning of line;
End — sends cursor to end of line;
Page UP — will raise up one screen page;
Page Down — puts the cursor one page down;
The keypad. The Numeric keypad (numeric keypad) -this group forms a rectangle in the right part of the keyboard. Group contains a numeric key from 0 to 9, symbols of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. Once again I draw Your attention that when enabled Num Lock (indicator off) then using the numeric keypad to enter numbers, and when Num Lock is not pressed — the panel duplicate some keys on the main part of the keyboard.
Is to say that there are keyboards for left-handers. It digital block is to the left, not the right. In addition, key «Enter», «Del», «Page Up», «Page Down», and the hands usually are within reach for the left hand, and they are duplicated on the right. By the way, there are gaming mouse «imprisoned» only the left arm.
modifier keys on the keyboard. And closes the article, the group of auxiliary keys, which are also known as functional and perform tasks.
Print Screen — with its help, you can copy the screen contents to the clipboard, and the thus obtained image is called a screenshot. In the clipboard a screenshot can be inserted into any program that knows how to work with images. It is possible to print a screenshot, or save and spend the processing. In addition, if you copied the contents of the screen in full size in the clipboard is placed the text you can paste in a text editor;
Windows — is the Windows start menu, and in combination with other keys simplifies the work with the computer, saving time and effort. Key features the logo of Microsoft Corporation;
Context — causes the context menu. Usually key is the bottom right about keys Windows;